The Official Newsletter of the World Innovation Foundation
New Honorary Members
Nobel Laureate Prof.Dr. Christian Rene de Duve Grand Cross Order of Leopold 11, MD MSc Dr. h.c. mult., Agrege de l’Enseignement Superieur, FRS
Dr. Rene is the President of the International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and the Christian de Duve Institute of Cellular Pathology(Patron HM Queen Fabiola), Professor Emeritus at the Rockefeller University, USA., and Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry at the Catholic University of Louvain. He was educated at the Jesuit College, Antwerp, the Catholic University of Louvain, Medical Nobel Institute Stockholm and Washington University. Professor de Duve started his scientific and research career as Louvain Lecturer in the Medical Faculty at the Catholic University of Louvain in 1947 and stayed in this appointment till 1951 when he was made Professor of Biochemistry at the University. He held this senior appointment until 1985 when he became thereafter Professor Emeritus. Between 1962 and 1988 Professor de Duve was the Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Biochemical Cytology at the Rockefeller University, New York, USA (now Professor Emeritus) and he has been Visiting Professor at many universities throughout the world. Professor de Duve has been a Member of a great number of Editorial Boards and Committees. He is a Member of the Royal Academy of Medicine Belgium, Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow of the Royal Society London, Fellow of the Royal Society Canada, Foreign Associate of NAS USA and has many honours and decorations to his name including Prix des Alumni, Prix Pfizer, Prix Franqui, Prix Quinquennal Belge des Sciences Medicales, Gairdner Foundation International Award of Merit, Dr. H.P. Heineken Prijis and the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine. Professor de Duve has numerous scientific publications to his name including ‘A Guided Tour of the Living Cell’ and ‘Blueprint for a Cell’ and is one of the great pioneers of modern Molecular Biology. By accepting the Institution’s invitation Professor de Duve became the Institution’s First Honorary Member.
Nobel Laureate Prof.Dr.Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield Kt CBE Dr. h.c.mult. FRS Hon.FRCP Hon.FRCR Hon.FEng
Dr. Hounsfield is Consultant to Thorn-EMI Central Research Laboratories and the National Heart and Chest Hospitals. Sir Godfrey was initially educated at the City and Guilds College London where he qualified in Radio Communications, Faraday House Electrical Engineering College(obtaining the Diploma) and graduated at the Institution of Electrical Engineers. He volunteered for the RAF at the start of WW2, served his country from 1939-46 and during that period was for a time Lecturer at Cranfield Radar School. Sir Godfrey was awarded a Certificate of Merit for his work done in the RAF and that work helped to end the war in Europe. After the Second World War and from 1947-51 he attended Faraday House where Sir Godfrey studied electrical and mechanical engineering. He joined EMI in 1951 initially working on radar systems and then on computers where Sir Godfrey led the design team for the first large all transistorised computer to be built in Great Britain called the ‘EMIDEC 1100. Between 1962-72 he invented the EMI-Scanner computerised transverse axial tomography system for X-ray examination now used throughout the world. This technique can be applied to cranial examinations and the whole body and the system has overcome obstacles to the diagnosis of disease in the brain which have continued since Roentgen’s day. The new X-ray technique which included a patient-scanning unit won the MacRobert Award for its invention and a Gold Medal for EMI. Whilst at EMI he has held the appointments of Head of Medical Systems Section, Chief Staff Scientist, Senior Staff Scientist and still holds the position of Consultant to EMI Laboratories. He has been working on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging from 1976 and Sir Godfrey is Magnetic Imaging Adviser to the National Heart Hospitals and Brompton Hospital together with being Professorial Fellow in imaging sciences at Manchester University, UK since 1978. He has many international awards and honours including the Wilhelm-Exner Medal, Austrian Industrial Association Award, Ziedses des Plantes Medal, Physikalisch Medizinische Gesllschaft, Wurzburg, Prince Philip Medal of the City and Guilds London Institute, ANS Radiation Industry Award of the Georgia Institute of Technology, Lasker Award of the Lasker Foundation, Duddell Bronze Medal of the Institute of Physics, Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement, Reginald Mitchell Gold Medal, Churchill Gold Medal, Gairdner Foundation Award, Ambrogino d’Oro Award, City of Milan, Deutsche Roentgen Plakette of the Deutche Roentgen Museum and the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Sir Godfrey has many contributions to New Scientist, British Journal of Radiology and the American Journal of Rontegenology. Great progress in the world of MRI Technology has been made possible by him and Sir Godfrey’s Membership of this Institution is held in very high esteeme.
Nobel Laureate Prof.Dr. Julius Axelrod PhD Dr. h.c. FRS FAAAS FNAS
Dr. Axelrod is the World’s leading Biochemical Pharmacologists and Guest Worker at the US National Institute of Health. He was educated at the College of the City of New York, New York University and the George Washington University Laboratories. Professor Axelrod was Assistant in the Department of Bacteriology, New York University Medical School from 1933-35 and thereafter from 1935-46 Chemist at the Laboratory of Industrial Hygiene. From 1946-49. He then became Associate Chemist at the National Heart Institute at the US National Institute of Health for one year and then Chemist from 1950-53 and attaining the appointment of Senior Chemist between 1953-55. From 1955-84 Professor Axelrod was Chief of Section on Pharmacology in the Laboratories of Chemical Science within the US National Institute of Mental Health, Health Services and Mental Health Administration of the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. He was Professorial Lecturer at the George Washington University in 1959 and became Guest Worker at the US National Institute of Mental Health in 1984. Professor Axelrod is a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the National Foundation, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Centre for Biomedical Education and many others including the International Brain Research Organisation, Senior Member of the Institute of Medicine, Foreign Member of the Royal Society London, Fellow of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology(Member of Council 1966-69), Member of ACS, American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, American Society of Biological Chemists AAAS and Fellow American Academy of Arts and Sciences NAS. He is also a Corresponding Member of the German Pharmacological Society and Foreign Member of the Academy der Naturforcher DDR. Professor Axelrod’s many awards, decorations and honours include the Gairdner Foundation Award, Distinguished Achievement Award George Washington University US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Modern Medicine Magazine Award, Claude Bernard Medal, Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology, Albert Einstein Achievement Award, Torald Sollmann Award in Pharmacology and Paul Hoch Award of the American Psychopathological Association. He has also several Research Awards and Memorial Lectureships and over 450 leading articles in professional and scientific journals. Professor Axelrod is an example to all future Medical Scientists for his work and the Institution is proud to have him as one of the Institution’s first Honorary Members.