New Executive Council Members
Prof. Dr. Mostafa Kamal Tolba DIC PhD
Dr. Tolba is the President of the International Centre for Environment Development(ICED), Cairo, Egypt, previous Under Secretary-General at the United Nations and Head of the UN's Environment Programme(UNEP). Professor Tolba was professor of Microbiology at the University of Cairo and also worked at the Egyptian National Research Centre and Baghdad University between 1943 and 1959. He became Assistant Secretary-General, later Secretary-General of the Supreme Science Council, Egypt between 1959 and 1963 and thereafter until 1965 was the Cultural Councillor and Director of the Egyptian Education Bureau, Washington, DC. Professor Tolba became Egypt's Under-Secretary of State for Higher Education between 1965 and 1971 and Minister of Youth at the end of that period. He was President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology from 1971 till 1973 and became Deputy Executive Director of UNEP from 1973 to 1975. In 1975 Professor Tolba took on probably one of the most demanding position in the world today by becoming the UN's Under Secretary-General and Executive Director of UNEP which he relinquished in 1992. Even after 6 years he is still considered to be a powerful figure at the United Nations. Professor Tolba is one of the world's most honoured people having decorations and prizes from no less than 21 countries. His powerful publications on major Environment issues include, 'Development without Destruction', 'Earth Matters', 'Sustainable Development: Constraints and Opportunities', 'Evolving Environmental Perceptions: from Stockholm to Nairobi'. Professor Tolba is one of the world's great humanitarians and has created enormous good for mankind. There can be few others like him for what he has accomplished so far and what he is still trying hard to do for his fellow man. Indeed, words cannot fully express the contribution that Professor Tolba has made to Humankind over the last 25 years. The Institution is extremely proud to have such a world figure as Professor Tolba as new Vice-Chair.
Sir Arthur C. Clarke Kt CBE BSc Dr. h.c.mult.
Sir Arthur C. Clarke is the world renowned science writer and Conceptualist of Satellite Communications Technology. Where to start to tell the life achievements of such a great man of Vision is the problem with Sir Arthur. His insertion in the International Who’s Who Compendium takes up half a page. Therefore all readers are respectfully directed to that publication and its sister publication Who’s Who. Sir Arthur started his career at the H.M. Exchequer and Audit Department in 1936 and joined the RAF to fight for freedom between 1941-46. He was Technical Officer on the First GCA Radar in 1943 and originated Communications Satellites in 1945. Sir Arthur became Chairman in 1947 until 1950 of the British Interplanetary Society and was Assistant Editor of Physics Abstracts between 1949-50. From that time he has produced some excellent and pre-eminent Visionary work in science and technology and has given great creative interest to the future generations of scientists and where some of his abstract science fiction has been translated in epic movies. His International Awards and Honours are numerous to say the least and his publications and TV programmes number over one-hundred. The Institution is extremely fortunate that such a leading world Visionary as Sir Arthur has joined the Institution.
Nobel Laureate Prof. Dr. Edmond H. Fischer D.Es.Sc., Dr. h.c. mult.
Dr. Fischer is Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry at the University of Washington. He was educated at the University of Geneva where he obtained the Licencie es Sciences, the Diplome d’Ingenieur and DSc. Between 1946-47 Professor Fischer was Assistant in the Laboratories of Organic Chemistry within the University and from 1948-50 he was Fellow t the Swiss National Foundation. Professor Fischer became Research Fellow at the Rockefeller Foundation between 1950 and 1953 and was made Resident Associate of the Division of Biology at the California Institute of Technology. Between 1953-56 he held the appointment of Associate Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Washington and became Professor in 1961 where he held that appointment until 1990. Professor Fischer was a Member of the Biochemistry Section of the US National Institute of Health from 1959-64, Member of the Advisory Board at American Chemical Society in 1962, Member of the Food Protection Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences between 1971-72 and Member of the Membership Committee of NAS from 1977-78. He has held several appointments with the American Chemical Society including Member of the Editorial Advisory Board from 1961-66 and Associate Editor Biochemistry Journal of ACS 1966-92. Between 1977-80 Professor Fischer was a Member of the Scientific Council on basic Science at the American Heart Association and Member of the American Society of Biological Chemists from 1980-83. He was a Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the Muscular Dystrophy Association between 1980-89 and Chairman of the Task Force at their Research Centres 1985-89. Professor Fischer is a Member of the Society of Biological Chemists, ACS, AAAS and the American Association of University Professors. He has honorary degrees from many eminent universities throughout the world.and has received numerous awards, medals and prizes for his work. Professor Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1992 for his co-discovery of the phenomena of reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism. The Institution is Proud that such a great man of science has joined the World Innovation Foundation.
Prof. Dr. Carmine Domenic Clemente AB MS PhD
Dr. Clemente is Professor Emeritus (Recalled) of Anatomy and Neurobiology at UCLA and has occupied a whole raft of very senior governmental and academic appointments. The list is endless of his achievements and this insertion can only act as an overview of this unique person. Professor Clemente was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, USA and University College London. He began his career at the University of Pennsylvania as Service Fellow between 1950-52 whereafter he became Instructor in Anatomy at UCLA until 1953. In 1954 Professor Clemente became Honorary Research Associate, University College and Bank of America-Giannini Foundation Fellow, University of London. Between 1954-59 he was Assistant Professor of Anatomy at UCLA and was Visiting Scientist at the US National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness, Bethesda, MD. Professor Clemente has been a Member of the Brain Research Institute, UCLA since 1958 being the Institute’s Director between 1976-88. Other senior appointments at UCLA have included, Associate Professor of Anatomy (1959-63), Acting Chairman in the Department of Anatomy(1962-63), Professor of Anatomy(1963-present time) and Chairman of the Department of Anatomy(1963-73) and Professor of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Emeritus Recalled(1994-present time). He was made Professor of Surgery(Anatomy) Charles R.Drew Postgraduate Medical School(1974-present day) and Visiting Scientist and Guggenheim Fellow) at the MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London(1988-89). Other significant appointments include, Consultant in Research Neurophysiology(1956-85), Special Consultant at the US National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness(1957-61), Consultant and Member of the Biophysical Research Advisory Committee Lockheed Aircraft Corporation(1960-64), Member of the Sub-committee on the Neuropathology of Atomic Radiation US National Academy of Sciences(1961-64), Member of the Anatomical Sciences Training Grants Committee NIGMS US National Institute of Health(1964-68), Member of the Medical Advisory Panel Bank of America Giannini Foundation(1964-present day), US Project Leader US-Japan Joint Programme US National Science Foundation(1967-70), Consultant in Surgical Anatomy(1971-present day), Member Primate Research Centres Advisory Committee US National Institute of Health(1968-72), Member Selection Panel US National Paraplegia Foundation(1968-72), US Project Leader US-French Joint Research Exchange Program(1972-75), Chairman Scientific Advisory Committee National Paraplegia Foundation(1973-77), Administrative Board CAS American Association of Medical Colleges(1973-81) Chairman (1979-80), Member Board of Directors National Paraplegia Foundation, Editor GRAY’S ANATOMY(1973-present day), Editor-in-Chief EXPERIMENTAL NEUROLOGY(1975-88), Liaison Committee on Medical Education AAMC-AMA(1980-86), Member Board of Directors King-Drew Medical Centre and Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School(1985-present day) and Member Programme Selection Committee Preparing Physicians for the Future The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Professor Clemente is Editor and on the Editorial Boards of many scientific and research publications and Member of a host of scientific societies, Foundations and Associations. His US National and International Awards and Honours number over twenty. Professor Clemente is a creative scientist of the 1st Order and the WIF is extremely pleased that he is with us.
Prof. Dr. Thomas William Clarkson PhD Dr. h.c.
Dr. Clarkson is Director of NASA Centre of Space Environmental Medicine, Director of the Environmental Health Sciences Center and Chair of the Department of Environmental Medicine at the University of Rochester, USA. He was educated at the University of Manchester, UK, and was Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Nuffield Foundation from 1956-57. Thereafter at the US Atomic Energy Commission at the University of Rochester from 1957-58. Professor Clarkson moved to become instructor at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in 1958 and was then elevated to several important positions at the University including Assistant Professor(1961-62), Associate Professor(1965-71) and then Professor(1971-present day). He was Scientific Officer for the British Medical Research Council(MRC) from 1962-64 and Sterling Drugs Visiting Professor at Albany Medical College in 1989. Between 1964-65 Professor Clarkson was Senior Fellow at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He is a Member of the Institute of Medicine of the US National Academy of Science, La Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires and Collegium Ramazzini. Professor Clarkson has many Honours and Awards including the J Lowell Orbison Distinguished Service Alumni Professor. He has over 200 published papers and has co-edited the publications ‘Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology’, ‘The Cytoskeleton as a Target for Toxic Agents’ and ‘Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals’. Professor Clarkson is presently considering helping the Cyber-Hospital Project by giving Visionary views of Future Medicine and where one of the WIF’s Executive Council Members Dr. Jeremy Simms is Chairman. His authoritative future perspectives are greatly welcomed by the WIF and its Members.